Infant Mental Health Journal ; The mother is helped to gain insight on how her previous relationships are impacting her current feelings and relationship with her child. Effects of treating postnatal depression on mother—infant interaction and child development. A comprehensive treatment model would need to plan service delivery in an individualised manner with these factors in mind. A review of this literature supports the early detection of PPD and the application of comprehensive, psychotherapeutic interventions that target the functioning of the infant, the mother and the mother—infant relationship. Postpartum Depression and Child Development. Ohio State University Press, , pp.
Ohio State University Press, , pp. Chinese women participate in a ritual that is known as "doing the month" confinement in which they spend the first 30 days after giving birth resting in bed, while the mother or mother-in-law takes care of domestic duties and childcare. These data should be viewed as factors contributing to the strain on the infant—caregiver relationship and also an opportunity to intervene by promoting increased sensitivity in caregiving. Archives of Women's Mental Health ;8: The Interpersonal World of the Infant: Infant Research and Adult Treatment: Groups also offer information about other community resources and may promote utilisation of these resources. Previous personal or family history of postpartum depression, other clinical depression, anxiety or panic disorder , bipolar illness, eating disorders, or obsessive-compulsive disorder. Pregnancy problems, postpartum depression and early mother—infant interactions. Other components in treating mothers with PPD address the issues unique to being a depressed mother caring for her infant. Further factors such as communication between the couple and relationship satisfaction have a protective effect against anxiety alone. In addition, the new mother is not allowed to bathe or shower, wash her hair, clean her teeth, leave the house, or be blown by the wind. Thus, the mother empowers the infant to work through core relational struggles directly with her, providing a sense of efficacy and mastery within their interactions. Murry L, Cooper PJ, editors. Primary care intervention should involve considering pharmacological treatment and referral to community supports to treat PPD. A history of major depressive disorder puts women at a high risk of relapse during pregnancy. Illinois Academy of Family Physicians, These intergenerational effects on parenting are explored to promote the mother's insight about her interactions with her child and increase her sensitivity. Spastics International, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry ; Interventions themselves have varied in the technique, setting, duration, intensity, focus on therapy and level of training of those providing the intervention. Women with moderate to severe PPD would likely experience a greater benefit with a combination of psychological and medical interventions. Goal reconstruction and depressive symptoms during the transition to motherhood: It is also an event in which the population at risk already has contact with the healthcare system, making this an extremely important level of assessment and intervention. Early detection and intervention is vital in the treatment of PPD due to the exceptional sensitivity of infants in the early weeks of life. In other words, if several family members have been successfully treated with a certain antidepressant , it provides useful information for your treating physician, because odds are that you will do well on the same antidepressant. The impact of psychological treatments of postpartum depression on maternal mood and infant development.
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