Prevalence and risk of violence and the physical, mental and sexual health problems associated with human trafficking: Sample includes health professionals working across a range of disciplines and grades. A pretraining survey of healthcare professionals attending human trafficking training in the Middle East, Caribbean and Central America reported generally high levels of knowledge regarding the health outcomes associated with human trafficking, but found that many healthcare professionals lacked awareness of their role in responding to victims of human trafficking. One third reported that they did not have family or friends in whom they could confide. Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam:
The PROTECT questionnaire is self-administered, takes approximately 10 min to complete, and is designed to be relevant across a range of clinical disciplines and settings. International Organisation for Migration; If survivors in contact with such posttrafficking services have more severe experiences and higher levels of need, our findings may overestimate the health risks and consequences associated with trafficking. For permission to use where not already granted under a licence please go to http: Conclusions The findings of this study indicate that health care—including physical, mental, and sexual health care—must be a fundamental component of posttrafficking care. Our findings are consistent with those of previous studies, conducted predominantly in low- and middle-income country settings and with female trafficking survivors, showing an increased risk of mental health problems among women who experienced violence prior to and during trafficking, who have poor social support, and who have higher numbers of unmet needs. A brief measure for assessing generalized anxiety disorder. Questionnaire asks about prior training and contact with potential victims of trafficking, perceived and actual human trafficking knowledge, confidence in responding to human trafficking, and interest in future human trafficking training. Our analysis suggests, however, that such risk may be heightened among survivors who have experienced violence before and during trafficking and who, once out of the trafficking situation, have ongoing fear of their traffickers and have a higher number of unmet social needs e. Our study lacked sufficient power to detect differences in the risk of high levels of psychological symptoms in relation to pretrafficking, trafficking, and posttrafficking factors. Routine clinical outcome measures for patients with severe mental illness: A pretraining survey of healthcare professionals attending human trafficking training in the Middle East, Caribbean and Central America reported generally high levels of knowledge regarding the health outcomes associated with human trafficking, but found that many healthcare professionals lacked awareness of their role in responding to victims of human trafficking. However, our analysis of factors that predicted high levels of psychological symptoms was limited by the study sample size, which was dependent on the number of survivors in contact with support services during the study period. Am J Public Health. It is important to note that their exclusion from the study means that there may have been some survivors in contact with support services who had more severe health needs than those reported here. Each participant was provided with a unique identification number which was used when managing the research data. UK Data Archive; Risk factors for mental disorders in women survivors of human trafficking: Strengths and Limitations This is one of the largest studies conducted to date of the health risks and experiences of female and male trafficking survivors. Clear referral pathways between posttrafficking support services and medical services must be established. Background Human trafficking is the recruitment and movement—most often by means of coercion, deception or abuse of vulnerability—for the purposes of exploitation. The relationship of trauma to mental disorders among trafficked and sexually exploited girls and women. We were able to recruit very few participants via health care provider organizations and social services, which may limit the generalizability of our results given the likelihood that most trafficking survivors are not in contact with posttrafficking support services. No incentives for participation were offered. Our results also highlight the high levels of violence experienced by trafficked people and their ongoing fear of the traffickers in the posttrafficking period; nearly three quarters of participants perceived that they were still in danger from their trafficker. Accessed March 2, Measuring psychiatric disorder in the community:
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